NCERT books are easily accessible to both rural and urban candidates. Note: Detailed focus should be on Indian Polity and World Polity should be read later if time permits.
Download PDF. Download PDF Part 1. Download PDF Part 2. Once candidates read the NCERT books, they need to follow the prescribed textbooks or one standard textbook for each subject. Here we have listed essential textbooks for all GS Subjects. It does not give importance to what book you have read, rather it gives importance to what you have understood from it. So don t read vaguely or memorise. Instead, follow the concept to proceed further in UPSC preparation.
We understand that even after reading from reference books some weaknesses in a subject may remain. You should go through our article on how to overcome your subject weakness. Talk to us for. UPSC preparation support! Talk to us for UPSC preparation support! Please wait Free Prep. Enquire WhatsApp. Aspirants can read the NCERT textbooks either subject wise or class-wise, but many toppers recommend to read NCERT books subject-wise so that aspirants can save a lot of time and complete all subjects over a period of time.
In the first reading try to avoid making notes concentrate on understanding the concepts.Geography is one of the main branches of social science. It is said to be the study of people and the relation they maintain with their environment. It also includes the study of land and landforms. Geography as an optional subject may seem a tricky choice, but if you have the passion for it, do not back down. The Geography optional Syllabus may seem a little tough to conquer, but a man can move mountains with their will power!
This article will deal with the geography syllabus and provide you with a list of books for geography optional suggested by toppers of the IAS exam. These are the main topics that you need to be thorough with for your 1st optional paper of geography that has maximum marks of The important topics for Geography Optional Syllabus of paper 2 are:. The second paper for your optional exam is of marks too. This will cover important topics in Indian Geography. So, be ready to study Indian geography in detail!Resume writing service sydney
Reading is the only way you will be able to score well. Now, reading the correct books too is very important. You may wonder why? The thing is that a lot of books are available, but it is important in choosing books that make it easier for you to understand concepts.
The importance of choosing the right book is understated. People believe that any book should do the job. The fact is that NO! Not any book can do the job.
Candidates must research well before buying books. Look for books that are recommended by toppers for your Geography optional subject. That would have been tried and tested, but also remember this is not a case where one size fits all! To make things easier, below is a list of books for Geography as an optional subject that was suggested by toppers from previous years. The books mentioned should help you, as they have proven to explain concepts easily and also have challenging questions for candidates to answer.
The fact about geography as your optional subject is that content is available in ample amounts choosing the right content is very difficult. Look for articles and websites that are verified.
Geography is a factual based subject, thus you need to make sure the information is credible. Any discrepancy in information can lead not just to losing marks but also negative marking.
Create mind maps if it is not easy to remember. Mind maps connect one main word to a number of keywords, they will help you to keep information easy to remember.Article clothing logo brands reviews
Create short notes. Creating short notes will push a long way in preparation of such a wide syllabus. Be creative in your own way and take the task seriously. Going through geography optional question papers is going to play a key role in the development towards the subject.
Past question papers will help you understand the marking scheme, the scope of questioning, and you can also understand your strengths! Go to the official UPSC website and look for past papers. Keep practicing with past papers as it will improve your ability to write answers for your IAS exam. The question paper pattern will remain the same as previous years unless any change is mentioned by the officials. So practice with previous question papers and get accustomed to the needs of the paper!
Geography is not an easy subject.In the event of a tie Dead-Heat rules will apply. For any game which is abandoned or reduced via Duckworth Lewis, only the total number of runs and wickets actually registered count. For settlement purposes the official total will stand regardless of any matches being abandoned or reduced in overs.
Geography Optional Books by Toppers: Prepare for Geography Optional of UPSC 2021
For the Player market specifically, batsmen must face at least one delivery, otherwise bets are void. Should two players score a century in the same game, for settlement purposes the winner shall be deemed the one who has reached their century first in terms of time. If no player scores a century then bets will be void.
Stakes will be returned on any player who does not participate in the tournament. Should two players take five wickets in the same game, for settlement purposes the winner shall be deemed the one who has taken their fifth wicket first in terms of time.
If no player takes five wickets then bets will be void. Otherwise bets will be void and stakes returned. All bets are settled on the official classification(s) listings, published by the respective race governing bodies, at the time of the podium presentation. For Team Classification markets, settlement is based on final standings in time based classifications (should there be more than one Team Competition in a specified event).
In the event of one or both cyclists not passing the starting line then bets will be deemed void. All-in compete or not. The specified event must be completed in full (statutory number of stages), otherwise bets will be void unless the result is already determined.
In the event of a match starting but not being completed, the player progressing to the next round or being awarded the victory will be deemed the winner for settlement purposes. For Premier League darts events, match betting may be offered in the form of 3-Way, and 2-Way markets. For settlement purposes the 3-Way market includes the Tie option. Bets will be void in the 2-Way market if the match result is a tie. For example, Total Legs quote has been exceeded at the time of abandonment.
All bets will be void if match is not completed. All bets void if the match is not completed. Bets settled from results on official PDC Website: www. If match is not completed then all bets are void unless the quote has been exceeded.
If players Tie then bets are void. For 2-Way markets if players Tie then bets are void. All bets void if match is not completed, unless the outcome is already determined. If no 180 is scored bets will be void. All bets void if match is not completed.
A Bounce Out is deemed as Other for settlement purposes. In a match format where Double In is used, the market will be void if offered in error.
To Be Relegated - Following the Week Nine fixtures, the bottom two players in the league table (who are subsequently eliminated from the competition), will be deemed winners for settlement purposes. Regular Season Winner - For settlement purposes this refers to the player who tops the league table following the Week Fifteen fixtures.
Total 180s in a Match - All bets void if match is not completed unless total 180s has already exceeded the quote. Highest Checkout in a Selected Match - All bets void if match is not completed unless highest checkout has exceeded the quote. Will Selected Player Record a 9 Dart Finish in a Match - All bets void if match is not completed unless a 9 dart finish already achieved.
Will Selected Player Record a 9 Dart Finish in the Tournament - Player must throw 1 dart in the tournament for bets to stand.A friend and I (who live in Australia and UK respectively) were keen to do a self drive tour of Iceland as we could have autonomy and flexibility and avoid the tour bus hordes.
We found Nordic Visitor through Google and I'm so glad we did. We chose the 10 day Full Circle tour - which comes with a rental car, pre booked accommodation, detailed road map, local mobile phone, GPS and many suggestions for destinations and activities. We opted for a 4x4 vehicle (highly recommended as there is a fair amount of off-roading) and budget accommodation which was pretty much guesthouses.
That's part of the deal anywhere really. There is so much to say about the trip itself so feel free to send a message if you want more info. Nearly all the arrangements went without a hitch and what didn't go smoothly wasn't due to Nordic Visitor getting it wrong and indeed didn't ruin the trip at all (eg the guesthouse in Reykjavik wasn't aware of my travelling companion's very early arrival and were not prepared).
My only negative comment is some of the worthwhile sights might not be on their recommended itinerary so do a little research of your own. Also a bit more time (a day perhaps) in the north east of the country would have been ideal. I dropped by their office in Reykjavik at the end of the tour (a little tricky to find as it is tucked away on the edge of town) and was pleasantly surprised by a request to do a brief video of our tour highlights for other travellers.
I received a beautiful hardcover book of Icelandic photographs for my trouble. Iceland is a Josie, Puerto Rico Iceland Grand Tour, July 2015 16 amazing days in Iceland Not only did Nordic Visitor delivered on everything that was needed, all the extra tours that were booked by them exceeded our expectations. Spent 16 days on a self-drive tour of Iceland including west fjords.Philosophy books about life story for kids
Every detail was taken care of, the car was excellent, the accommodations that were booked were more than what was needed. They gave us a telephone and had regular contact with us. Assisted us every time we needed any assistance. Will recommend this company and will be more than happy to use again in the future. Tip to travelers: Do everything with lots of time. We planned this trip more than 7 months in advance. Find about weather condition, climate and clothing needs. Overall, we had a wonderful time and saw a lot of beautiful scenery.
Overall we got exactly what we came to see. The itinerary was exactly as described, all buses,trains and hotels were scheduled perfectly.There have been over 3. The sides drew 2-2 when they last met at Easter Road in September. With the clubs looking to build momentum from previous games, another draw here isn't totally out of the question.
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Please download one of these up to date, free browsers. Hibernian have Motherwell in their sights after another famous win against Hearts on Tuesday. Seattle Sounders Line movement, sharp money, potential value and more. More on this story. Opposition View: Everton Morgan Looks Forward To Everton Clash First Team Training: Everton The Foxes secured a useful 2-1 win against Swansea City last weekend and followed that with a 3-1 victory over Leeds United to seal their place in the Carabao Cup quarter-finals.
Everton, meanwhile, sit in the relegation zone having won just one top-flight game since the opening day, but they will still pose a considerable threat for City. The away side have only scored two goals on the road in the league so far this season. Remember, Everton went 1-0 up against Arsenal before losing out last weekend. The arrival of a new manager could bring the best out of Riyad Mahrez.
The Foxes secured a useful 2-1 win against Swansea City last weekend and followed that with a 3-1 victory over Leeds United to seal their place in the Carabao Cup quarter-finals. Here are some matchday betting tips from your official betting partner, Ladbrokes. Want to get involved. Odds correct at time of writing. First Team First Team All The Talking Points On The Weekend Review Show First Team 28 15 24 Leicester City Through The Years: 1920-1930 18 Video duration 03:50 Video duration 02:13 Video duration 01:11 Video duration 00:55.
First Team First Team All The Talking Points On The Weekend Review Show More News Video duration 03:50 Video duration 02:13 Video duration 01:11 Latest Videos 28 15 24 Leicester City Through The Years: 1920-1930 More galleries Share Url Copied to clipboard.
This week, the USGA have made the decision to revert to a traditional US Open venue after a few years of breaking the mould. In 2013, they returned to the logistically challenging Merion Golf Club (after a 32 year absence) while in 2015, it was the brand-new venue of Chambers Bay. The total yardage will vary over the four days with a maximum length of 7,900 yards - a daunting number at first glance. Only designed in 2006, the course is a bit of an unknown entity having yet to host a PGA Tour event, though it did stage the 2011 US Amateur.
Mike Davis, Executive Director of the USGA, is the man in charge of setting up US Open courses and below is his summary of Erin Hills and what unique properties we should be looking out for. The Wisconsin course is a windswept property which provides a firm playing surface that plays shorter than its length on the scorecard.
The one area in which the bombers will have an advantage, is the four par 5s, which all measure over 600 yards and offer the best opportunity for scoring.
It is worth keeping an eye on the weather as Mother Nature will no doubt have a role to play this week, as the wind can blow from any direction. As a result, the fairways are generous in width, especially compared to normal US Open tracks like Oakmont, Pebble Beach and Winged Foot.
However, the wind is not its only defence with contoured fairways making for very few flat lies and several semi-blind and blind shots. These bunkers surround many of the greens, along with shaved run-off areas.Below you will find the steps to complete this process. We recommend that you do stop getting builds when your device is on a Production Build so that you do not need to recover your device.
NCERT Books for UPSC 2020: Download PDFs
Production builds are stable, receive servicing updates, will allow you to stay up-to-date and you will not lose any of the data on your device. If you unenroll while your device is running an Insider build, your device will remain on a build that will not receive future servicing updates, will have an expiry date set, and may contain security vulnerabilities.
To find out the current Production Build number, check the Windows Insider Blog. Ensure you have backed up important photos, videos, contacts, and other files as needed.
You will need to restore them after you have reinstalled the earlier operating system version. To recover your mobile device to a current Production Build, you will need to return to your original operating system version using the Windows Device Recovery Tool. Back up your phone Before installing an Insider Preview build, we recommend backing up your phone. Enroll your phone Windows Phone 8.
Current Windows 10 Mobile build For current Windows 10 Mobile builds, Windows Insider setup options have been migrated into Settings. Let us know what you think The feedback you provide on Insider Preview builds goes directly to our engineers to help develop Windows. Switching between rings Changing rings is a simple process. Find information about your device Below is a set of quick references for key information you may find useful as you participate in the program. Is there an update already pending on your device.
Compare build numbers Validate your device is up-to-date. Are you in the correct ring to receive the expected build. Go to the Getting started page to verify that you are registered by signing in with your MSA or AAD and clicking on Register with your personal account (MSA) or on Register with your organization account (AAD).
Is there a known bug causing issues with build detection or install. Has the list of supported devices changed. Assess the impact What is the impact of the issue.Speech umuc women football scores
Single app not working. Are you able to work around the issue. Would an alternate app suffice. Is a newer build available that may have a fix for any known bugs being faced.
How to Recover If you need to return to your original operating system version, use the Windows Device Recovery Tool. Stop receiving Insider builds While participating in the Windows Insider Preview program, you may find it necessary to stop taking new builds on a particular mobile device.
Recover your device We recommend that you do stop getting builds when your device is on a Production Build so that you do not need to recover your device. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information provided here. And the stakes are exponentially raised when the art on display inhabits the eye of a political hurricane. Bookended by the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and the 2008 Beijing Olympics, the exhibition unfurls all the usual heavy hitters, including Ai Weiwei, Cao Fei, Chen Zhen, and Zhang Peili, while bringing context to bear with a display of archival materials and an accompanying three-hundred-page catalogue.
What else can painting do. With wide-eyed curiosity, maverick humor, and infectious glee, Owens continues to pose this query, producing ambitious, technically rigorous, and surprising pieces unlike those of any other painter of her generation (or the next).
For this LA master, painting is large-scale installation, embroidered silk-screened textile, ticking timepiece, site-specific manifesto, private treasure hunt, and eye-popping, mind-bending, gut-busting karaoke house party. Travels to the Dallas Museum of Art, Mar.
This exhibition promises to explore dimensions of Matta-Clark only touched on in previous retrospectives, homing in on his architectural projects of the 1970s. The artist adopted the sobriquet anarchitect, with a bow to the art brut painter Jean Dubuffet and in explicit opposition to his professional education at Cornell.
Taking the deadpan, saturation-enhanced look of the vernacular postcard as a point of departure, Shore has employed everything from plastic toy cameras to tripod-based view cameras to Instagram.A bet can only be placed over the Internet. A bet can only be placed by a Player if he has sufficient funds in his account with Betbull. The bet, once concluded, will be governed by the version of terms and conditions valid at the time of the bet being accepted.
A bet is deemed to have been placed as soon as confirmation of the acceptance of the betting offer from Betbull is received on the device or computer of the Player.
The Player affirms that at the time he placed a bet or bets he had no knowledge as to the outcome of the respective game or that actions are being taken to affect the outcome of the games. Where there is a suspicion of a violation of this rule, Betbull retains the right to void the bet and refuse to pay out winnings.
It also retains the right to take any further action to protect its legitimate interests and to comply with other laws and regulations. Betbull retains the right to decline to accept bets without providing any reason.
The minimum and maximum bets and game rules are all available for each game offered on www. Should Betbull decide to close a Player's account, bets which have already been placed and accepted will not be voided and the Player will be paid any winnings. A bet which has been placed and accepted cannot be amended, withdrawn or cancelled by the Player. A mistake regarding the details of a bet or bets will not influence the validity of the bet.
Unless proved otherwise, these amounts are considered as final and are deemed to be accurate. The Player is fully responsible for the bets placed on Internet. Betbull will never question the Player about the relevance of the bets they wish to place and will not be held responsible for the possible mistakes that could have been made during the placing of such bets, including mistakes regarding the placed amounts or betting option (such as colour, card, number, etc.
Winnings will be paid into the Player's account after the final result is confirmed. However, Betbull reserves the right to set aside any winnings should there be investigations into the result of a game resulting from a suspicion of criminal activities that may have affected the result of the game. If the irregularity is confirmed then Betbull retains the right to void any related bets and take any other action allowable by law. Should Betbull become aware that a Player has placed a number of bets from different accounts he has irregularly opened, all bets will be voided.
Betbull retains the right to take further action as deemed necessary. If bets, which exceed the stated amounts, are erroneously accepted, the excess amount will be disregarded and the bet amount placed will be revised accordingly and the difference paid back to the Player. Betting and Sporting RulesGeneral rules and arrangements regarding the placement, settlement and payouts of betsThe customer declares upon the placement of bets:That he or she is at least 18 years of age and the personal information provided in the registration process is truthful.
That he or she has been sufficiently informed as to the betting rules for all types of sports and is aware of the betting and payout limits and accepts these.
Is not aware of the outcome of the event upon which the respective bet is placed prior to the conclusion of the agreement. That he or she is not involved and will not be involved in any manipulations which could influence the outcome of an event or several events which they bet on, and that he or she is not aware of any manipulations of these events.
That the funds with which he or she places bets do not stem from any unlawful action and that he or she freely disposes over such.
Booklist for Geography for UPSC Prelims and Mains
That he or she has read the information on the topic of the danger of addiction to gaming with respect to betting, and that he or she has not applied to be barred from gambling or betting with other private or state-run companies or is barred from gambling or betting at these. That he or she is not a member of a group which is barred from betting on this website.
The company is not subject to any obligation to review the correctness of the declarations as set out in 1 and the company is entitled at any time to cancel all or selected bets (including retroactively) after receiving knowledge of misrepresentations to bar the customer from all future betting, to close the betting account and to pay out the remaining funds in the account.
The betting event on whose outcome bets can be placed is determined by the company and can be found in game plan on the Internet. Solely bets with fixed win odds are offered. The betting agreement shall come about through the acceptance of a betting offer.
For a bet to be valid and correct, the bet which is electronically saved on the central computer of the Company shall apply. This may be viewed on the account. Any unilateral right to withdrawal from the Agreement on the part of the customer (cancellation of bets) following the conclusion of the Agreements is excluded. The customer may correct or delete the betting slip which has been virtually filled in until the final confirmation of the placement of the bet.
Upon the confirmation of the placement of the bet, the customer shall be obligated to fulfil the Agreement and waives any right to revocation or withdrawal from the Agreement. There shall be no obligation on the part of the company to list additional information such as the type of competition (e.
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